Tuesday, April 6, 2010

Kavi Manohar Meher (Odia Poet): कवि मनोहर मेहेर : A Profile

कवि मनोहर मेहेर (१८८५- १९६९)



POET MANOHAR MEHER (1885-1969)
By : Dr. Harekrishna Meher
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Kalahandi has its own glory in view of rich literature and culture. In the beginning of twentieth century, Poet Manohar Meher is well-known among those who served for the uplift of Oriya language and literature. In the year 1885, he was born on the holy day of Sri-Rama Navami at Sinapali village situated on the bank of River Udanti about 30 kilometres distance towards south from Raj Khariar (presently in Nuapada district of Orissa). Adorning the laps of father Ghenucharan Meher and mother Malati Devi, Manohar passed his life with very simple and sincere behaviour. He departed from the mortal world on 4th December 1969.

Before formation of Orissa Province, during pre-independence days, Khariar state was under the administration of the then Central Province and the language prevalent was Hindi. Though Poet Manohar Meher was living in the Hindi-speaking region, he wrote numerous poems on various topics in Oriya language only, and not in Hindi language. He preserved the importance and honour of Oriya language in his literary compositions.

During the said period of pre-independence days, as Sinapali village was under the Hindi-speaking area, Manohar Meher who penned in Oriya language is really worth-mentioning. There was a time for social movement for formation of separate province of Orissa based on the areas where Oriya language was prevailing. Through Utkal Sammilani, the movement for a separate province was in progress. At that time, India was under the administration of British Government. It is a matter of wonder that in spite of the prevailing Hindi language, Manohar Meher wrote in Oriya, simply because he had dedicated life for the motherland and mother tongue Oriya. Though he had a little education in Guru tradition, he composed many literary writings in different aspects such as Chautisha, Stuti, Janana, Bhajana, Abakash, Sankirttan, Sangit, Koili, Baramasi, Boli, Brata Puja, Jyotisha, Danda-Nata, Loka-Natya, Ghumura Patal, Charita, Drushya and traditional kavya etc.

Poet Manohar Meher is known as ‘Gana-Kavi’ or ‘Palli-Kavi’ of Western Orissa. He wrote on various aspects of life, social customs, folk culture, traditional and religious festivals with a sign of social reformation and a touch of Indianness. Social, cultural, spiritual and religious values of the people are reflected in his poems. His subtle vision from individual existence has spread towards global consciousness beyond the world. To promote social unity and national integration, the endeavours of Poet Manohar are indeed appreciable. As a literary patron of Indian culture, he deserves a special attraction.

Living at the extreme end of south and western zone of the then Orissa, Manohar Meher sincerely strived for the establishment of Oriya language and literature. His literary genius is noteworthy for preservation of glory of Oriya even in the midst of Hindi-speaking region. Parashuram Mund, a distinguished litterateur and novelist of Oriya literature, has named Poet Manohar Meher as “Simantara Dipa-Sikha” (The Flame of Lamp of The Border). Significant is this epithet, as the poet living in a border of the then Orissa, has dedicatedly made much efforts to keep Oriya language in a perpetual flow among the people. In the social movement for establishment of Oriya language, Orissa Province and national awareness , the literary pen of Manohar Meher has emerged as a beneficial instrument for socio-cultural unity in his milieu. His contributions to Oriya literature is really memorable for all time to come. 

For his literary contributions, Poet Manohar Meher was felicitated by Khariar Sahitya Samiti and some other institutions during his life. He was posthumously honoured with felicitations (Manapatra)  by Udanti Mahotsava-2008 of Sinapali in 2008 and by Gangadhar Saraswat Samiti, Sinapali, Nuapada in 2008.
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Literary Works of Manohar Meher
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Poet Manohar Meher has composed many poems of various literary tastes. 
Subject matters can be understood from the titles of the compositions.
“MANOHAR GRANTHAVALI”  (मनोहर  ग्रन्थावली) contains all the published 
and unpublished works the poet.
(Brief mention of Publishers’ Names has been made here for reference.)

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APC : Arunodaya Press, Cuttack.
DRP : Dasharathi Pustakalaya, Cuttack.
BBB : Bani Bhandar, Berhampur, Ganjam.
NBM : Narayan Bharasa Meher, Sinapali.
DPC : Durga Press, Cuttack.
MBC : Mahalakshmi Bhandar, Cuttack.
SPB : Swarajya Press, Berhampur.
OJC : Odisha Jagannath Company, Cuttack.
DGS : Dharma Grantha Store, Cuttack.
LPC : Lakshmi Pustakalaya, Cuttack.
CPC : Chandi Pustakalaya, Cuttack.

APB : Akhila Press, Bhawanipatna.
SPC : Sanyasi Pustakalaya, Berhampur.
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No. - Name of the Literary Work – Year of Writing – Year of Publication/ Publisher 

1. MANOHAR CHAUTISHA – MALIKA  (मनोहर च‍उतिशा माळिका) 
(1) Chintamani Chautisha (1907) - 1932/ APC
(2) Sri-Samaleswari Janana (1938) - 1964/ DRP 

(3) Radha-Mohana Staba (1939) - 1939/ APC, 1984/ BBB
(4) Bai Mana Chautisha (1940) - 1941/ APC
(5) Lakshmikanta Staba (1942) - 1948/ APC
(6) Kala Srimukha (1943) - 1946/ APC, 1984/ BBB
(7) Kamala-Lochana Tika Chautisha (1952) – 1956/ DRP
(8) Mana-Uddharana Chautisha (1908) – Unpublished
(9) Uma-Kanta Chautisha (1909) – Unpublished
(10) Duhkha-Bhanjana Chautisha (1911) – Unpublished
 
(11) Kshamanidhi Chautisha (1915) – Unpublished
(12) Karuna-Sindhu Chautisha (1917) – Unpublished
(13) Kruttibasa Chautisha (1940) – Unpublished
(14) Aparna Chautisha (1942) – Unpublished
(15) Durga Staba (1942) – Unpublished
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2. MANOHAR STUTI – MALIKA  (मनोहर स्तुति माळिका) 
(1) Kalika Stuti (1942) - 1942/DRP, 1943/DRP, 1949/DRP
(2) Sri Narayana Ashtottara Shata Nama- (1943) - 1949/APC
(3) Shitala Mata Staba (1946) – 1946/DRP
(4) Mahabira Kabacha (1954) – 1956/ DRP
(5) Sri-Krushna Namabali (1955) – 1956/DRP
(6) Mahadeba Stuti (1912) – Unpublished
(7) Annapurnna Stuti (1913) – Unpublished
(8) Brahma Stuti (1929) – Unpublished
(9) Jagannataha Stuti (1930) – Unpublished
(10) Saraswati Stuti (1943) – Unpublished
(11) Shiba Panchakshara Stuti (1962) – Unpublished

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3. MANOHAR  JANANA – MALIKA  (मनोहर जणाण माळिका)  

(1) Mahaprabhu Janana (1926) - 1962/DRP, 1984/BBB
(2) Gariba Janana (1962) - 1962/DRP, 1984/BBB
(3) Gaja-Uddharana Janana (1962) - 1962/DRP, 1984/BBB
(4) Harini-Uddharana Janana (1962) – Unpublished.
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4. MANOHAR BIBHU-BHAJAN – MALIKA (मनोहर बिभु-भजन माळिका) 
(1916 to 1939) – 1985/ NBM

5. MANOHAR ATMA-BHAJAN – MALIKA (मनोहर आत्मभजन माळिका) 
(1916 to 1939) – 1985/ NBM

6. MANOHAR ABAKASHA– MALIKA  (मनोहर अबकाश माळिका) 
(1939) – 1941/ APC, 1946/APC, 1985/ NBM

7. MANOHAR SANKIRTTANA– MALIKA  (मनोहर संकीर्त्तन माळिका) 
(1932 to 1937) – 1985/ NBM

8. MANOHAR SANGEETA – MALIKA  (मनोहर संगीत माळिका) 
(1929 to 1939) - 1985/ NBM

9. MANOHAR KOILI – MALIKA  (मनोहर कोइलि माळिका) 
(1948) – 1948/ APC, 1985/ NBM 

Baai-Mana Koili : http://hkmeher.blogspot.in/2009/11/manohar-meher-baimana-koili.html

[From ‘Bibhu-Bhajana Malika’ to ‘Koili Malika’ – 

Collection of these six forms the Book
“Manohar Padyavali” published on the day of Srirama-Nabami 1985 

on the occasion of Poet’s Birth Centenary celebrated by 
Manohar Sahitya Samiti, Sinapali, Kalahandi.]

10. MANOHAR GEETA– MALIKA  (मनोहर गीत माळिका) 
(1) Sahibasa Geeta (I Part) – (1926) – 1929/APC, 1929/DPC.
(2) Sahibasa Geeta (II Part) – (1957) – 1959/ DPC.
(3) Phula Tola Geeta – (1940) – 1941/APC, 1978/BBB, 1981/BBB.
(4) Gundicha Yatra (1941) – 1978/BBB, 1981/BBB.
(5) Banchha-Bata Pradakshina (1945) – 1978/BBB, 1981/BBB.
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11. MANOHAR BARA-MASI  (मनोहर बारमासी) 
(1) Sri-Rama Baramasi (1928) – 1932/APC, 1979/BBB.
(2) Jaiphula Baramasi (1929) – 1929/APC.

(3) Baramasi Sajani Geeta (1938) – 1941/APC, 1978/BBB, 1981/BBB.
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12. MANOHAR BOLI – MALIKA  (मनोहर बोलि माळिका) 
(1) Durbhiksha Boli (Chhapana Salara Geeta) – (1911) – 1940/APC, 1979/BBB.
(2) Dhana-Kapa Boli (1929) – 1931/APC, 1941/APC, 1949/APC, 1956/MBC, 1979/BBB.
(3) Ganjai Boli (1931) – 1932/APC, 1979/BBB.
(4) Akhai Boli (1931) – 1932/APC, 1979/BBB.
(5) Pausha Purnima Boli (1937) – 1942/APC, 1979/BBB.
(6) Krushna Bujha Boli (1937) – 1942/APC, 1979/BBB.
(7) Andha Boli (1937) – 1942/APC, 1979/BBB.
(8) Baka-Panchaka Boli (1944) – 1946/APC, 1979/BBB.
(9) Jemadei Boli (1949) - 1949/APC, 1979/BBB.
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13. MANOHAR KABITA – MALIKA  (मनोहर कविता माळिका) 
(1910 to 1943) – ‘Swalpa Sanchaya Yojana’ and ‘Go-Krushi Pradarshani’ Poems are
composed in 1943 and published by the poet. ‘Swapna’ poem, included in ‘Khadiala
Kusum’-Part-3, was published in 1983 by Khariar Sahitya Samiti, Khariar, Kalahandi.
Other poems are unpublished.
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14. MANOHAR BRATA-PUJA – MALIKA  (मनोहर व्रतपूजा माळिका) 
(1) Sudasha Brata Purana (Nala Damayanti Charita)-(1929) – 1945, 1972/DRP, 1995/APB.
(2) Sudasha Brata Purana (Sripati Padmabati Charita)- (1936) – 1952/SPB, 1977, 1982/BBB.
(3) Trinatha Mela Puja (1943) – 1946/APC, 1956/DRP.
(4) Chandrasekhara Brata Puja (1959) – Unpublished.
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15. MANOHAR JYOTISHA– MALIKA  (मनोहर ज्योतिष माळिका) 
(1) Spandana Pariksha Phala (1946) – 1946/APC.
(2) Yatra Prakarana (1949) – 1949/APC
(3) Stri-Pushpabati Phala (1949) – 1949/APC, 1957/MLB, 1957/DPC, 1957/OJC, 1977/DGS, 1977/BBB, 1978/OJC, 1979/BBB, 1982/DGS, 1985/BBB.
(4) Bibaha Dasha Melaka (1950) – 1950/APC, 1957/LPC , 1966/DGS, 1974/DGS, 1977, 1980, 1984/BBB.
(5) Brushti Bigyana (1950) – 1952, 1957/MLB, 1978/BBB.

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16. MANOHAR DANDA-NATA  (मनोहर दण्डनाट) 
(1) Dandanata Jaiphula Ramayana (1929) – 1929/APC, Then several times published,
(6th Edition- 1947)/APC, 1965, 1967/DGS, 1973/CPC, 1974/DGS, 1976/OJC, 1977/
DGS, 1978/SPB,1980/BBB, 1982/DGS, 1985/BBB.

Link : http://kavi-manohar-meher.blogspot.in/2012/04/jaiphula-ramayana-poet-manohar-meher.html
(2) Dandanata Shankara Chautisha (1930) – 1932/APC, 1984/BBB.
(3) Dandanata Bhabani Chautisha (1931) – 1984/BBB.
(4) Dandanata Kapata Pasha (1932) – 1932, 1939, 1942/APC, 1958/CPC, 1978/DGS,
1979, 1985/BBB.
(5) Dandanata Raghu Arakshita Charita (1937) – 1939/APC, 1975, 1982, 1993/DGS.
(6) Dandanata Rasa Keli (1938) – 1941, 1946, 1949/APC, 1956/DPC, 1977, 1980,
1984/ BBB.
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17. MANOHAR LOKA-NATYA  (मनोहर लोकनाट्य) 

(1) Gobindachandra Lila (1929) – 1931/APC.
(2) Harabati Harana Suanga (1932) – Unpublished
(3) Gobindachandra Lila (1933-34) – Unpublished
(4) Mahalakshmi Janma Lila (1935) – Unpublished
(5) Bilanka Rama Lila (1938-39) – Unpublished.
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18. MANOHAR GHUMURA-PATALA– MALIKA (मनोहर घुमुरापटळ माळिका) 
(1923 to 1925) – Unpublished.
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19. MANOHAR CHARITA– MALIKA  (मनोहर चरित माळिका) 
(1) Dani Karna Charita (1939) – 1940/APC, 1978,1980,1985/BBB.
(2) Kaliyuga Charita (1940) – 1942/APC.
(3) Kalia Bhuta Charita (1934) – Unpublished.
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20. MANOHAR PAURANIKA KAVYA– MALIKA (मनोहर पौराणिक काव्य माळिका)  

(1) Ahalya Staba (1935) – 1967/DGS
(2) Sita-Bartta Geeta ((1930-31) – Unpublished
(3) Debangara Lakshmi Darshana (1937) –Unpublished.
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21. MANOHAR DRUSHYA – MALIKA  (मनोहर दृश्य माळिका) 
(1) Patala Ganga Drushya (1938) – Unpublished
(2) Udanti Drushya (1942) - Unpublished
(3) Mahanadi Drushya (1947) – Unpublished
(4) Khadial Drushya (1948) – Unpublished
(5) Sinapali Drushya (1967) – Unpublished.

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REFERENCES :
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*‘Manohar Padyavali’ By : Poet Manohar Meher.
Edited by : Dr. Harekrishna Meher.
Published by : Sri Narayan Bharasa Meher,
Manohar Kavita Vas, Sinapali, Kalahandi, Orissa, 1985.

*'Simantara Dipa-Shikha’ (Article) By : Parasuram Mund.
Souvenir of Centenary Celebration, Khariar Sahitya Samiti, Khariar, 1983.

*‘Khadialara Itihasa’ By : Smt. Rajashree Devi,
Kalinga Students Stores, Cuttack, Orissa, 1983.

*‘Odishara Satayu Sahityika Anushthan’ (Article)
By : Prafulla Kumar Samantaray,
‘Jhankar’ July 1983, Cuttack. 


* 'Simantara Dipashikha Kavi Manohar Meher'  
By : Dr. Mahendra Kumar Mishra,
Published by Khariar Sahitya Samiti, Khariar, Dist-Nuapada, Orissa, 1996.

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Ref : Manohar Padyavali :
*http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=au%3AHarekr%CC%A5shn%CC%A3a+Mehera&qt=hot_author

*http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40053452&referer=brief_results

* Video Reference :

 http://kavi-manohar-meher.blogspot.in/2010/04/video-reference-to-poet-manohar-meher.html
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Poet Manohar Meher :  Other References : 
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Biography in PoemHunter : 
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Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes :
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'सारस्वत साधक कवि मनोहर मेहेर'   
‘Sarasvata Sadhaka Kavi Manohara Meher’
(Article by : Dr. Dasarathi Acharya)
Published in ‘Samaja’, Annual  Special-2003, Gopabandhu Bhavan, Cuttack :
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'Ahalyaa-Stava' Kavya of Poet Manohar Meher : A Study 
 Research Article By : Dr. Dasarathi Acharya 
 (Published in  ' KalaaJharan', Souvenir of Kalahandi Utsav- 2005, Kalahandi.) 
कवि मनोहर मेहेरङ्क एकाक्षराद्य काव्य 'अहल्या-स्तव' : एक  अध्ययन” :  
निबन्ध लेखक : डॉ. दाशरथि आचार्य 
(सौजन्य : 'कलाझरण' , कलाहाण्डि उत्सव- २००५स्मरणिका )
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सीमान्तर दीपशिखा कवि मनोहर मेहेर : (ओड़िआ लेख : डक्टर् बिजय कुमार षड़ङ्गी) 
Article By : Dr. Bijaya Kumar Sarangi (Reader in Odia) 
Published in "SAMAYA" Odia Daily, Bhubaneswar 
Date 12-4-2004, page-4, 
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कवि मनोहर मेहेर : WordPress  Link : 
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Poems of Kavi Manohar Meher Posted in Blog-Sites :

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Articles on Poet Manohar Meher and his Works :
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